The first Jewish congregation in Sweden was founded by Aaron Isaac in 1775. In 1782 the so-called Jewish Ordinance came into force and this determined the status of Jews in Sweden for more than 50 years. The laws severely restricted the rights of Jews living in Sweden and it was not until 1870 that Jews here were granted full citizens’ rights. The Swedish Jews, most of whom originally came from Central and Eastern Europe, have successfully integrated into Swedish society and have notably contributed to the country’s development. In compliance with the Council of Europe’s Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, in 1999 the Swedish parliament recognized Jews, Roma, Sami, Swedish Finns and Tornedalers as national minorities. There are now reckoned to be about 18’000 Jews in Sweden, about half of them in the Stockholm region.